Alan: At bedrock, America's culture war is over the core postulate that an individual's core beliefs -- at least as they relate to "the public space" -- do not need to take into account the scientific method.
(Even though the fellow above is essentially accurate, he should read the Carl Sagan post referenced at the bottom of this page.)
"The Danger Of Science Denial"
TED Talk by Michael Specter
"Arguing against those who said that natural philosophy was contrary to the Christian faith, (Aquinas) writes in his treatise "Faith, Reason and Theology that "even though the natural light of the human mind is inadequate to make known what is revealed by faith, nevertheless what is divinely taught to us by faith cannot be contrary to what we are endowed with by nature. One or the other would have to be false, and since we have both of them from God, he would be the cause of our error, which is impossible." "Aladdin's Lamp: How Greek Science Came to Europe Through the Islamic World" by John Freely - http://www.amazon.com/Aladdins-Lamp-Science-Through-Islamic/dp/0307277836/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1327882581&sr=8-1
The Fusion Of Faith And Reason Is The Point Of Departurehttp://paxonbothhouses.blogspot.com/2015/01/aquinas-fusion-of-reason-and-faith-with.html
John Ford, John Wayne, Aquinas And Theosis (Christian Divinization)
"Science is a way to call the bluff of those who only pretend to knowledge... It can tell us when we’re being lied to. It provides a mid-course correction to our mistakes."
Carl Sagan: Science As A Candle In The Dark
Carl Sagan Denied Being An Atheist.
So What Did He Believe?